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Translation: Critical Information Infrastructure Security Protection Regulations (Effective Sept. 1, 2021)

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The Chinese government on Aug. 17 released the text of final regulations on critical information infrastructure security protection that are to take effect Sept. 1. The "Critical Information Infrastructure Security Protection Regulations" replace a draft by the same name issued in 2017. 

Please click here for DigiChina analysis of these regulations.

TRANSLATION

State Council of the People’s Republic of China Decree

No. 745

The “Critical Information Infrastructure Security Protection Regulations” were passed at the 133rd Standing Committee meeting of the State Council on April 27, 2021, are hereby promulgated, and take effect on Sept. 1, 2021.

Premier Li Keqiang

July 30, 2021

Critical Information Infrastructure Security Protection Regulations

Chapter I: General Provisions

Article 1:  In order to ensure the security of critical information infrastructure and safeguard cybersecurity, on the basis of the “Cybersecurity Law of the People’s Republic of China,” these Regulations are formulated.

Article 2: Critical information infrastructure as mentioned in these regulations, refers to important network infrastructure, information systems, etc., in important industries and sectors such as public telecommunications and information services, energy, transportation, water, finance, public services, e-government, national defense science, technology, and industry, etc., as well as where their destruction, loss of functionality, or data leakage may gravely harm national security, the national economy and people’s livelihood, or the public interest.

Article 3: Under the comprehensive coordination of the national department for cybersecurity and informatization,[1] the State Council public security department[2] is responsible for guiding and supervising critical information infrastructure security protection work. The State Council department in charge of telecommunications[3] and other relevant departments are, according to these Regulations and the provisions of relevant laws and administrative regulations, responsible for critical information infrastructure security protection, supervision, and management work within their respective scope of duties and responsibilities.

Relevant departments of provincial-level People’s Governments are to carry out critical information infrastructure security protection, supervision, and management on the basis of their respective duties and responsibilities.

Article 4:  Critical information infrastructure protection is to persist in comprehensive coordination, responsibility according to the division of work, and protection according to the law; the primary responsibility of critical information infrastructure operators (hereafter abbreviated as “operators”) is to be strengthened and fulfilled; and the role of all governmental and social fields is to be given full rein; in order to jointly protect the security of critical information infrastructure.

Article 5:  The State is to implement focused protection of critical information infrastructure; adopt measures to monitor, prevent, and deal with cybersecurity risks and threats emerging from inside and outside the territory of the People’s Republic of China; protect critical information infrastructure from attacks, intrusions, interference, and destruction; and punish unlawful and criminal acts harming the security of critical information infrastructure, according to the law.

No individual or organization may carry out illegal activities intruding into, interfering with, or destroying critical information infrastructure, or harm the security of critical information infrastructure.

Article 6: Operators are to adopt technical protective measures and other necessary measures according to these regulations and the provisions of relevant laws and administrative regulations, as well as the mandatory requirements of national standards, and, on the basis of cybersecurity multi-level protection,[4] to respond to cybersecurity incidents, prevent cyberattacks and unlawful or criminal activities, ensure the secure and stable operation of critical information infrastructure, and safeguard the integrity, confidentiality, and usability of data.

Article 7:  Work units and individuals that obtain notable achievements or make prominent contributions to critical information infrastructure security protection work are to be recognized with awards according to relevant State regulations.

Chapter II: The identification of critical information infrastructure

Article 8: The competent departments and supervision and management departments of important industries and sectors mentioned in Article 2 of these Regulations are the departments responsible for critical information infrastructure security protection work (hereafter abbreviated as "protection work departments").

Article 9: Protection work departments are to formulate critical information infrastructure identification rules[5] in integration with the real situation in their industries and sectors, and report them to the State Council public security department for filing.

When formulating identification rules, the following factors shall be mainly considered:

  1. The degree of importance of the network infrastructure, information system, etc., for the critical and core activities within the industry or sector;
  2. The degree of harm that might result from the network infrastructure, information system, etc., if it is destroyed, loses functionality, or has its data leaked;
  3. The associated influence on other industries and sectors.

Article 10: Protection work departments are responsible for organizing the identification of critical information infrastructure within their industries and sectors on the basis of identification rules  , promptly notifying operators about the identification results, and notifying the State Council public security department.

Article 11: Where relatively large changes occur in critical information infrastructure that may influence their identification result, operators shall promptly report the relevant circumstances to the protection work department. The protection work department is to complete a re-identification within three months of the date the report is received, notify the operator about the identification result, and notify the State Council public security department.

Chapter III: The responsibilities and duties of operators

Article 12:  Security protection measures shall be simultaneously planned, simultaneously built, and simultaneously applied along with the critical information infrastructure.

Article 13:  Operators shall establish and complete cybersecurity protection structures and responsibility systems, and ensure human, financial, and material inputs. Operators’ main responsible persons bear overall responsibility for critical information infrastructure security protection; they lead critical information infrastructure security protection and major cybersecurity incident handling work, and organize the research and resolution of major cybersecurity questions.

Article 14:  Operators shall set up a dedicated security management body, and conduct security background investigations of the responsible person and personnel in critical positions in the dedicated security management body. During these investigations, public security authorities and state security authorities shall provide assistance.

Article 15:  The dedicated security management body is concretely responsible for critical information infrastructure security protection work in its work unit, and is to carry out the following duties:

  1. Establishing and completing cybersecurity management, evaluation, and assessment structures, and drafting critical information infrastructure security protection plans;
  2. Organizing and promoting the construction of cybersecurity defense capabilities, conducting cybersecurity monitoring, inspection, and risk assessment;
  3. Formulating emergency response plans for the work unit according to national and industry cybersecurity incident emergency response plans, regularly conducting emergency response exercises, and handling cybersecurity incidents;
  4. Identifying critical cybersecurity posts, organizing and conducting cybersecurity work assessments  , and producing reward and punishment recommendations;
  5. Organizing cybersecurity education and training;
  6. Implementing personal information and data security protection responsibilities, and establishing and completing personal information and data security protection structures;
  7. Implementing security management of critical information infrastructure design, construction, operation, maintenance, and other such services;
  8. Reporting cybersecurity incidents and major matters according to regulations.

Article 16: Operators shall ensure the operational funding and allocation of corresponding personnel for the dedicated security management body. When making policy decisions related to cybersecurity and informatization, staff from the dedicated security management body shall participate.

Article 17:  Operators shall, on their own or by commissioning a cybersecurity service institution, conduct a cybersecurity survey and risk assessment of critical information infrastructure at least once per year, promptly rectify any discovered security issues, and report the situation according to the protection work department’s requirements.

Article 18:  When major cybersecurity incidents occur or major cybersecurity threats are discovered in critical information infrastructure, operators shall report the matter to the protection work department and the public security authorities according to relevant regulations.

When it occurs that critical information infrastructure completely ceases to function or its main functions are impeded, national basic information or other important data is leaked, personal information is leaked at a relatively large scale, relatively large economic damage is brought about, unlawful information is disseminated on a relatively large scale, or other such especially grave cybersecurity incidents occur, or especially grave cybersecurity threats are discovered, the protection work department shall, after receiving the report, promptly report the matter to the national cybersecurity and informatization department and the State Council public security department.

Article 19:  Operators shall prioritize the purchasing of secure and reliable network products and services; where the network products and services they purchase may influence national security, they shall undergo a security review according to national cybersecurity regulations.

Article 20:  Operators purchasing network products and services shall sign security confidentiality agreements with the network product and service provider according to relevant State regulations, clarifying the technical support and security confidentiality duties and responsibilities of the provider, and conduct supervision of the implementation status of these duties and responsibilities.

Article 21:  When situations such as mergers, separations, dissolutions, etc., occur with operators, they shall promptly report the matter to the protection work department, and handle critical information infrastructure according to the requirements of the protection work department, in order to ensure security.

Chapter IV: Safeguards and promotion

Article 22: Protection work departments shall formulate security plans for critical information infrastructure for their respective industries and sectors,  and clarify the protection objectives, basic requirements, work tasks, and specific measures.

Article 23:  The national cybersecurity and informatization department is to comprehensively coordinate the establishment of cybersecurity information sharing mechanisms by relevant departments; promptly summarize, study, evaluate, share, and release cybersecurity threats, vulnerabilities, incidents, and other information; and promote cybersecurity information sharing among relevant departments, protection work departments, operators, cybersecurity service organizations, etc.

Article 24: Protection work departments shall establish and complete the critical information infrastructure network security monitoring and early warning systems in their respective industries and sectors, grasp the critical information infrastructure operational status and security situation in their respective industries and sectors in a timely manner, provide early warning and notification of cybersecurity threats and vulnerabilities, and guide and undertake security precautions work  .

Article 25: Protection work departments shall, in accordance with the requirements of the national cybersecurity incident emergency response plan, establish and complete cybersecurity incident emergency response plans for their respective industries and sectors,  organize emergency drills on a regular basis, guide operators to perform cybersecurity incidents response and management, and organize the provision of technical support and assistance as needed.

Article 26:  Protection work departments shall regularly organize and conduct critical information infrastructure security inspection and monitoring  within their industries and sectors, guide and supervise operators to promptly rectify security vulnerabilities, and perfect security measures.

Article 27:  The national cybersecurity and informatization department comprehensively coordinates the State Council public security department and protection work departments’ conducting cybersecurity inspection and monitoring of critical information infrastructure, and puts forward improvement measures.

Relevant departments shall, when conducting critical information infrastructure cybersecurity inspection, strengthen coordination, cooperation, and information exchange, and avoid unnecessary inspections and overlapping or duplicate inspections. No fees may be collected for inspection work, and the inspected work unit may not be required to purchase products or services of a specific brand or a specific producing or selling work unit.

Article 28:  Operators shall cooperate with protection work departments conducting critical information infrastructure cybersecurity inspection and monitoring work, as well as public security, state security, secrecy protection administrative management, encryption management and other such relevant departments conducting critical information infrastructure cybersecurity inspection work according to the law.

Article 29:  During critical information infrastructure security protection work, the national cybersecurity and informatization department, the State Council department in charge of telecommunications, the State Council public security department, etc., shall, on the basis of protection work departments’ needs, promptly provide technical support and assistance.

Article 30:  Cybersecurity and informatization departments, public security authorities, protection work departments, and other such relevant departments, cybersecurity service authorities, and their work personnel can only use information they obtain during critical information infrastructure protection work for safeguarding cybersecurity, and are to strictly ensure information security according to the requirements of relevant laws and administrative regulations; they may not disclose, sell, or illegally provide it to others.

Article 31:  Without approval from the national cyberspace and informatization department or the State Council public security department, or authorization from the protection work department or operator, no individual or organization may carry out vulnerability monitoring, penetration testing, or other such activities on critical information infrastructure that may influence or endanger the security of critical information infrastructure. Activities such as vulnerability monitoring, penetration testing, etc., carried out on basic telecommunications networks, shall be reported in advance to the State Council department in charge of telecommunications.

Article 32:  The State adopts measures to prioritize the secure operation of energy, telecommunications, and other such critical information infrastructure. The energy and telecommunications sectors shall adopt measures to provide focus safeguards for the secure operation of critical information infrastructure in other industries and sectors.

Article 33:  Public security authorities and state security authorities, on the basis of their respective duties and responsibilities, are to strengthen security protection for critical information infrastructure according to the law, to prevent and attack unlawful and criminal activities aimed at and committed using critical information infrastructure.

Article 34:  The State is to formulate and perfect critical information infrastructure security standards to guide and standardize critical information infrastructure security protection work.

Article 35:  The State is to adopt measures to encourage specialized cybersecurity talent to engage in critical information infrastructure security protection work, and enter operators’ security management personnel and security technical personnel into the national continuing education system.

Article 36:  The State is to support technological innovation and industrial development for critical information infrastructure security protection and to organize forces to realize breakthroughs in critical information infrastructure security technology.

Article 37:  The State is to strengthen the construction and management of cybersecurity service institutions, formulate management requirements, and strengthen supervision and guidance; to unceasingly enhance service institutions' capability levels; and to give full rein to their role in critical information infrastructure security protection.

Article 38: The State is to strengthen military-civil fusion in cybersecurity, and the military and regions are to cooperate to protect critical information infrastructure security.

Chapter V: Legal liability

Article 39:  Where one of the following circumstances is present, operators will be ordered by the relevant competent departments, on the basis of their duties and responsibilities, to rectify the matter, and given a warning; where they refuse to rectify the matter or it leads to consequences such as harm to cybersecurity, a fine between 100,000 and 1 million yuan is to be imposed, and a fine between 10,000 and 100,000 yuan is to be imposed against the directly responsible person in charge:

  1. When relatively large changes occur in the critical information infrastructure, that may influence their identification result, and the relevant situation has not been promptly reported to the protection work department;
  2. Security protection measures have not been planned simultaneously, built simultaneously, and applied simultaneously with the critical information infrastructure;
  3. Cybersecurity protection structures and responsibility mechanisms have not been built and completed;
  4. No dedicated security management body has been established;
  5. No security background investigation has been conducted of the main responsible person and personnel in critical posts of the dedicated security management body;
  6. When making cybersecurity and informatization-related policy decisions, there was no participation of personnel from the dedicated security management body;
  7. The dedicated security management body has not fulfilled the duties and responsibilities provided in Article 15 of these Regulations;
  8. Not having conducted a cybersecurity survey and risk assessment of the critical information infrastructure at least once annually, not having promptly corrected discovered security issues, or not having reported the situation according to the protection work department’s requirements;
  9. When purchasing network products and services, not having signed a security confidentiality agreement with the network product and service provider according to relevant State provisions;
  10. When a merger, separation, dissolution or other such situation occurs, not having promptly reported the matter to the protection work department, or not having handled the critical information infrastructure according to the requirements of the protection work department.

Article 40:  Operators who, when a major cybersecurity incident occurs in critical information infrastructure or a major cybersecurity threat is discovered, do not report the matter to the protection work department and public security body according to relevant regulations, are to be ordered to rectify the matter by the protection work department and public security body on the basis of their duties and responsibilities, and given a warning; where they refuse to rectify the matter or it leads to consequences such as harm to cybersecurity, a fine between 100,000 and 1 million yuan is to be imposed, and a fine between 10,000 and 100,000 yuan is to be imposed against the directly responsible person in charge.

Article 41:  Where operators purchase network products and services that may influence national security, and have not conducted a security review according to national cybersecurity regulations, the national cyberspace and informatization department and other such relevant competent departments are to order rectification according to their duties and responsibilities, impose a fine between one and ten times the purchase value, and impose a fine between 10,000 and 100,000 yuan against the directly responsible person in charge and other directly responsible personnel.

Article 42:  Where operators do not provide cooperation with protection work departments carrying out critical information infrastructure cybersecurity inspection and monitoring work, as well as with public security, state security, secrecy protection administrative management, encryption management, and other such relevant departments lawfully carrying out critical information infrastructure cybersecurity inspection work, the relevant competent department is to order rectification; where they refuse to rectify the matter, a fine between 50,000 and 500,000 yuan is to be imposed, and a fine between 10,000 and 100,000 yuan is to be imposed against the directly responsible person in charge and other directly responsible personnel; where circumstances are grave, the corresponding legal liability is to be prosecuted according to the law.

Article 43:  Those carrying out illegal intrusion into, interference with, or destruction of critical information infrastructure, harming its security but not constituting a crime, are to, according to the relevant provisions of the “Cybersecurity Law of the People’s Republic of China,” have their unlawful income confiscated by public security authorities, be detained for up to five days, and a fine between 50,000 and 500,000 yuan may additionally be imposed; where circumstances are grave, they may be detained between five and 15 days, and a fine between 100,000 and 1 million yuan may additionally be imposed.

Where a work unit commits acts mentioned in the previous Paragraph, public security authorities are to confiscate unlawful income, impose a fine between 100,000 and 1 million yuan, and punish the directly responsible person in charge and other directly responsible personnel according to the provisions of the previous Paragraph.

Personnel violating the provisions of Article 5, Paragraph 2, and Article 31 of these Regulations, who receive a public order management punishment, may not engage in work in cybersecurity management or critical posts in network operations within five years; personnel receiving criminal punishment may not engage in work in cybersecurity management or critical posts in network operations for the rest of their life.

Article 44:  Where cybersecurity and informatization departments, public security authorities, protection work departments, and other relevant departments, as well as their personnel, do not implement their critical information infrastructure security protection, supervision, and management duties and responsibilities, or commit dereliction of duty, abuse their power, or seek improper gains, the directly responsible person in charge and other directly responsible personnel are subject to punishment according to the law.

Article 45:  Where public security authorities, protection work departments, and other such relevant departments collect fees when conducting critical information infrastructure cybersecurity protection work, or require the inspected work unit to purchase specific brands or products and services from a specific production or sales work unit, their higher-level authority is to order correction and return of the collected fees; where circumstances are grave, the directly responsible person in charge and other directly responsible personnel are subject to punishment according to the law.

Article 46:  Where cybersecurity and informatization departments, public security authorities, protection work departments, and other such relevant departments, cybersecurity service bodies, and their work personnel, use the information they obtain during critical information infrastructure security protection work for other purposes, or divulge, sell, or illegally provide it to other persons, the directly responsible person in charge and other directly responsible personnel are subject to punishment according to the law.

Article 47:  Where a major or especially major cybersecurity incident occurs in critical information infrastructure, and investigation determines this to be an accident with liability, apart from the fact that the liability of the operators shall be investigated and prosecuted according to the law, the liability of related cybersecurity service institutions and relevant departments shall also be investigated, and the liability of those found to have been derelict in their duties, engaging in malpractice, or acting unlawfully shall be prosecuted according to the law.

Article 48:  Where e-government critical information infrastructure operators do not carry out the cybersecurity protection duties provided in these Regulations, they shall be punished according to the relevant provisions of the “Cybersecurity Law of the People’s Republic of China.”

Article 49:  Those bringing harm onto others by violating the provisions of these Regulations bear civil liability according to the law.

Those violating the provisions of these Regulations in a manner constituting a violation of public order management, shall be subject to public order management punishment according to the law; where it constitutes a crime, criminal liability is to be prosecuted according to the law.

Chapter VI: Supplementary provisions

Article 50:  The security protection of critical information infrastructure where information involving State secrets is stored or handled shall also abide by the provisions of laws and administrative regulations on secrecy protection.

The use and management of encryption in critical information infrastructure shall also abide by the provisions of related laws and administrative regulations.

Article 51:  These Regulations take effect on Sept. 1, 2021.


[1] i.e., the Cyberspace Administration of China

[2] i.e., the Ministry of Public Security

[3] i.e., the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology

[4] i.e., the Cybersecurity Multi-Level Protection System (MLPS), now operating as the updated regime known as MLPS 2.0

[5] 规则

CHINESE-LANGUAGE ORIGINAL

Source: http://www.gov.cn/zhengce/content/2021-08/17/content_5631671.htm

中华人民共和国国务院令

第745号

《关键信息基础设施安全保护条例》已经2021年4月27日国务院第133次常务会议通过,现予公布,自2021年9月1日起施行。

总理  李克强

2021年7月30日

关键信息基础设施安全保护条例

第一章 总  则

第一条  为了保障关键信息基础设施安全,维护网络安全,根据《中华人民共和国网络安全法》,制定本条例。

第二条  本条例所称关键信息基础设施,是指公共通信和信息服务、能源、交通、水利、金融、公共服务、电子政务、国防科技工业等重要行业和领域的,以及其他一旦遭到破坏、丧失功能或者数据泄露,可能严重危害国家安全、国计民生、公共利益的重要网络设施、信息系统等。

第三条  在国家网信部门统筹协调下,国务院公安部门负责指导监督关键信息基础设施安全保护工作。国务院电信主管部门和其他有关部门依照本条例和有关法律、行政法规的规定,在各自职责范围内负责关键信息基础设施安全保护和监督管理工作。

省级人民政府有关部门依据各自职责对关键信息基础设施实施安全保护和监督管理。

第四条  关键信息基础设施安全保护坚持综合协调、分工负责、依法保护,强化和落实关键信息基础设施运营者(以下简称运营者)主体责任,充分发挥政府及社会各方面的作用,共同保护关键信息基础设施安全。

第五条  国家对关键信息基础设施实行重点保护,采取措施,监测、防御、处置来源于中华人民共和国境内外的网络安全风险和威胁,保护关键信息基础设施免受攻击、侵入、干扰和破坏,依法惩治危害关键信息基础设施安全的违法犯罪活动。

任何个人和组织不得实施非法侵入、干扰、破坏关键信息基础设施的活动,不得危害关键信息基础设施安全。

第六条  运营者依照本条例和有关法律、行政法规的规定以及国家标准的强制性要求,在网络安全等级保护的基础上,采取技术保护措施和其他必要措施,应对网络安全事件,防范网络攻击和违法犯罪活动,保障关键信息基础设施安全稳定运行,维护数据的完整性、保密性和可用性。

第七条  对在关键信息基础设施安全保护工作中取得显著成绩或者作出突出贡献的单位和个人,按照国家有关规定给予表彰。

第二章 关键信息基础设施认定

第八条  本条例第二条涉及的重要行业和领域的主管部门、监督管理部门是负责关键信息基础设施安全保护工作的部门(以下简称保护工作部门)。

第九条  保护工作部门结合本行业、本领域实际,制定关键信息基础设施认定规则,并报国务院公安部门备案。

制定认定规则应当主要考虑下列因素:

(一)网络设施、信息系统等对于本行业、本领域关键核心业务的重要程度;

(二)网络设施、信息系统等一旦遭到破坏、丧失功能或者数据泄露可能带来的危害程度;

(三)对其他行业和领域的关联性影响。

第十条  保护工作部门根据认定规则负责组织认定本行业、本领域的关键信息基础设施,及时将认定结果通知运营者,并通报国务院公安部门。

第十一条  关键信息基础设施发生较大变化,可能影响其认定结果的,运营者应当及时将相关情况报告保护工作部门。保护工作部门自收到报告之日起3个月内完成重新认定,将认定结果通知运营者,并通报国务院公安部门。

第三章 运营者责任义务

第十二条  安全保护措施应当与关键信息基础设施同步规划、同步建设、同步使用。

第十三条  运营者应当建立健全网络安全保护制度和责任制,保障人力、财力、物力投入。运营者的主要负责人对关键信息基础设施安全保护负总责,领导关键信息基础设施安全保护和重大网络安全事件处置工作,组织研究解决重大网络安全问题。

第十四条  运营者应当设置专门安全管理机构,并对专门安全管理机构负责人和关键岗位人员进行安全背景审查。审查时,公安机关、国家安全机关应当予以协助。

第十五条  专门安全管理机构具体负责本单位的关键信息基础设施安全保护工作,履行下列职责:

(一)建立健全网络安全管理、评价考核制度,拟订关键信息基础设施安全保护计划;

(二)组织推动网络安全防护能力建设,开展网络安全监测、检测和风险评估;

(三)按照国家及行业网络安全事件应急预案,制定本单位应急预案,定期开展应急演练,处置网络安全事件;

(四)认定网络安全关键岗位,组织开展网络安全工作考核,提出奖励和惩处建议;

(五)组织网络安全教育、培训;

(六)履行个人信息和数据安全保护责任,建立健全个人信息和数据安全保护制度;

(七)对关键信息基础设施设计、建设、运行、维护等服务实施安全管理;

(八)按照规定报告网络安全事件和重要事项。

第十六条  运营者应当保障专门安全管理机构的运行经费、配备相应的人员,开展与网络安全和信息化有关的决策应当有专门安全管理机构人员参与。

第十七条  运营者应当自行或者委托网络安全服务机构对关键信息基础设施每年至少进行一次网络安全检测和风险评估,对发现的安全问题及时整改,并按照保护工作部门要求报送情况。

第十八条  关键信息基础设施发生重大网络安全事件或者发现重大网络安全威胁时,运营者应当按照有关规定向保护工作部门、公安机关报告。

发生关键信息基础设施整体中断运行或者主要功能故障、国家基础信息以及其他重要数据泄露、较大规模个人信息泄露、造成较大经济损失、违法信息较大范围传播等特别重大网络安全事件或者发现特别重大网络安全威胁时,保护工作部门应当在收到报告后,及时向国家网信部门、国务院公安部门报告。

第十九条  运营者应当优先采购安全可信的网络产品和服务;采购网络产品和服务可能影响国家安全的,应当按照国家网络安全规定通过安全审查。

第二十条  运营者采购网络产品和服务,应当按照国家有关规定与网络产品和服务提供者签订安全保密协议,明确提供者的技术支持和安全保密义务与责任,并对义务与责任履行情况进行监督。

第二十一条  运营者发生合并、分立、解散等情况,应当及时报告保护工作部门,并按照保护工作部门的要求对关键信息基础设施进行处置,确保安全。

第四章 保障和促进

第二十二条  保护工作部门应当制定本行业、本领域关键信息基础设施安全规划,明确保护目标、基本要求、工作任务、具体措施。

第二十三条  国家网信部门统筹协调有关部门建立网络安全信息共享机制,及时汇总、研判、共享、发布网络安全威胁、漏洞、事件等信息,促进有关部门、保护工作部门、运营者以及网络安全服务机构等之间的网络安全信息共享。

第二十四条  保护工作部门应当建立健全本行业、本领域的关键信息基础设施网络安全监测预警制度,及时掌握本行业、本领域关键信息基础设施运行状况、安全态势,预警通报网络安全威胁和隐患,指导做好安全防范工作。

第二十五条  保护工作部门应当按照国家网络安全事件应急预案的要求,建立健全本行业、本领域的网络安全事件应急预案,定期组织应急演练;指导运营者做好网络安全事件应对处置,并根据需要组织提供技术支持与协助。

第二十六条  保护工作部门应当定期组织开展本行业、本领域关键信息基础设施网络安全检查检测,指导监督运营者及时整改安全隐患、完善安全措施。

第二十七条  国家网信部门统筹协调国务院公安部门、保护工作部门对关键信息基础设施进行网络安全检查检测,提出改进措施。

有关部门在开展关键信息基础设施网络安全检查时,应当加强协同配合、信息沟通,避免不必要的检查和交叉重复检查。检查工作不得收取费用,不得要求被检查单位购买指定品牌或者指定生产、销售单位的产品和服务。

第二十八条  运营者对保护工作部门开展的关键信息基础设施网络安全检查检测工作,以及公安、国家安全、保密行政管理、密码管理等有关部门依法开展的关键信息基础设施网络安全检查工作应当予以配合。

第二十九条  在关键信息基础设施安全保护工作中,国家网信部门和国务院电信主管部门、国务院公安部门等应当根据保护工作部门的需要,及时提供技术支持和协助。

第三十条  网信部门、公安机关、保护工作部门等有关部门,网络安全服务机构及其工作人员对于在关键信息基础设施安全保护工作中获取的信息,只能用于维护网络安全,并严格按照有关法律、行政法规的要求确保信息安全,不得泄露、出售或者非法向他人提供。

第三十一条  未经国家网信部门、国务院公安部门批准或者保护工作部门、运营者授权,任何个人和组织不得对关键信息基础设施实施漏洞探测、渗透性测试等可能影响或者危害关键信息基础设施安全的活动。对基础电信网络实施漏洞探测、渗透性测试等活动,应当事先向国务院电信主管部门报告。

第三十二条  国家采取措施,优先保障能源、电信等关键信息基础设施安全运行。

能源、电信行业应当采取措施,为其他行业和领域的关键信息基础设施安全运行提供重点保障。

第三十三条  公安机关、国家安全机关依据各自职责依法加强关键信息基础设施安全保卫,防范打击针对和利用关键信息基础设施实施的违法犯罪活动。

第三十四条  国家制定和完善关键信息基础设施安全标准,指导、规范关键信息基础设施安全保护工作。

第三十五条  国家采取措施,鼓励网络安全专门人才从事关键信息基础设施安全保护工作;将运营者安全管理人员、安全技术人员培训纳入国家继续教育体系。

第三十六条  国家支持关键信息基础设施安全防护技术创新和产业发展,组织力量实施关键信息基础设施安全技术攻关。

第三十七条  国家加强网络安全服务机构建设和管理,制定管理要求并加强监督指导,不断提升服务机构能力水平,充分发挥其在关键信息基础设施安全保护中的作用。

第三十八条  国家加强网络安全军民融合,军地协同保护关键信息基础设施安全。

第五章 法律责任

第三十九条  运营者有下列情形之一的,由有关主管部门依据职责责令改正,给予警告;拒不改正或者导致危害网络安全等后果的,处10万元以上100万元以下罚款,对直接负责的主管人员处1万元以上10万元以下罚款:

(一)在关键信息基础设施发生较大变化,可能影响其认定结果时未及时将相关情况报告保护工作部门的;

(二)安全保护措施未与关键信息基础设施同步规划、同步建设、同步使用的;

(三)未建立健全网络安全保护制度和责任制的;

(四)未设置专门安全管理机构的;

(五)未对专门安全管理机构负责人和关键岗位人员进行安全背景审查的;

(六)开展与网络安全和信息化有关的决策没有专门安全管理机构人员参与的;

(七)专门安全管理机构未履行本条例第十五条规定的职责的;

(八)未对关键信息基础设施每年至少进行一次网络安全检测和风险评估,未对发现的安全问题及时整改,或者未按照保护工作部门要求报送情况的;

(九)采购网络产品和服务,未按照国家有关规定与网络产品和服务提供者签订安全保密协议的;

(十)发生合并、分立、解散等情况,未及时报告保护工作部门,或者未按照保护工作部门的要求对关键信息基础设施进行处置的。

第四十条  运营者在关键信息基础设施发生重大网络安全事件或者发现重大网络安全威胁时,未按照有关规定向保护工作部门、公安机关报告的,由保护工作部门、公安机关依据职责责令改正,给予警告;拒不改正或者导致危害网络安全等后果的,处10万元以上100万元以下罚款,对直接负责的主管人员处1万元以上10万元以下罚款。

第四十一条  运营者采购可能影响国家安全的网络产品和服务,未按照国家网络安全规定进行安全审查的,由国家网信部门等有关主管部门依据职责责令改正,处采购金额1倍以上10倍以下罚款,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员处1万元以上10万元以下罚款。

第四十二条  运营者对保护工作部门开展的关键信息基础设施网络安全检查检测工作,以及公安、国家安全、保密行政管理、密码管理等有关部门依法开展的关键信息基础设施网络安全检查工作不予配合的,由有关主管部门责令改正;拒不改正的,处5万元以上50万元以下罚款,对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员处1万元以上10万元以下罚款;情节严重的,依法追究相应法律责任。

第四十三条  实施非法侵入、干扰、破坏关键信息基础设施,危害其安全的活动尚不构成犯罪的,依照《中华人民共和国网络安全法》有关规定,由公安机关没收违法所得,处5日以下拘留,可以并处5万元以上50万元以下罚款;情节较重的,处5日以上15日以下拘留,可以并处10万元以上100万元以下罚款。

单位有前款行为的,由公安机关没收违法所得,处10万元以上100万元以下罚款,并对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员依照前款规定处罚。

违反本条例第五条第二款和第三十一条规定,受到治安管理处罚的人员,5年内不得从事网络安全管理和网络运营关键岗位的工作;受到刑事处罚的人员,终身不得从事网络安全管理和网络运营关键岗位的工作。

第四十四条  网信部门、公安机关、保护工作部门和其他有关部门及其工作人员未履行关键信息基础设施安全保护和监督管理职责或者玩忽职守、滥用职权、徇私舞弊的,依法对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员给予处分。

第四十五条  公安机关、保护工作部门和其他有关部门在开展关键信息基础设施网络安全检查工作中收取费用,或者要求被检查单位购买指定品牌或者指定生产、销售单位的产品和服务的,由其上级机关责令改正,退还收取的费用;情节严重的,依法对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员给予处分。

第四十六条  网信部门、公安机关、保护工作部门等有关部门、网络安全服务机构及其工作人员将在关键信息基础设施安全保护工作中获取的信息用于其他用途,或者泄露、出售、非法向他人提供的,依法对直接负责的主管人员和其他直接责任人员给予处分。

第四十七条  关键信息基础设施发生重大和特别重大网络安全事件,经调查确定为责任事故的,除应当查明运营者责任并依法予以追究外,还应查明相关网络安全服务机构及有关部门的责任,对有失职、渎职及其他违法行为的,依法追究责任。

第四十八条  电子政务关键信息基础设施的运营者不履行本条例规定的网络安全保护义务的,依照《中华人民共和国网络安全法》有关规定予以处理。

第四十九条  违反本条例规定,给他人造成损害的,依法承担民事责任。

违反本条例规定,构成违反治安管理行为的,依法给予治安管理处罚;构成犯罪的,依法追究刑事责任。

第六章 附  则

第五十条  存储、处理涉及国家秘密信息的关键信息基础设施的安全保护,还应当遵守保密法律、行政法规的规定。

关键信息基础设施中的密码使用和管理,还应当遵守相关法律、行政法规的规定。

第五十一条  本条例自2021年9月1日起施行。