As the Chinese government prepares to release its 14th Five-Year Plan, which is to cover broad ambitions from 2021–2025 and a “long-term vision” out to 2035, Premier Li Keqiang on March 5 delivered
an outline of some of the forthcoming plan’s major elements. Li devoted one of nine major themes to science and technology and a “digital China.” Below is the relevant excerpt, translated into English.
||Persist in innovation-driven development, and accelerate the development of a modern industrial system. Insist on the core position of innovation in the China’s overall modernization. Use self-reliance and self-strengthening in science and technology as a strategic support for national development. Perfect the national innovation system, accelerate the construction of strategic science and technology power led by national labs, fight for key and core technology strongholds, formulate and implement a 10-year basic research action plan, raise the technological innovation capacity of enterprise, stimulate talent innovation vitality, perfect science and technology innovation systems and mechanisms, and expand society-wide national research and development expenditures by at least 7% per year, working hard so that investment intensity exceeds that of the 13th Five-Year Plan period. Persist in focusing economic development on the real economy, advance industrial base upgrading and industrial chain modernization, maintain basic stability in manufacturing industries’ proportion [of the economy], transform and upgrade traditional industries, develop and expand strategic and emerging industries, and advance the flourishing and development of the services sector. Push forward the overall construction of traditional infrastructure and new types of infrastructure. Accelerate digitized development, forge new digital economy advantages, cooperate to push forward digital industrialization and industrial digitization transformations, accelerate the pace of digital society construction, raise the level of digital government construction, construct a good digital ecosystem, and build a digital China.