Translation: ‘Plan for the Overall Layout of Building a Digital China’

CCP Central Committee and Chinese government announce a new plan for China's digital development


March 3, 2023

Article Banner Picture


March 3, 2023

This translation is by Graham Webster, Kevin Neville, Seaton Huang, and Zac Haluza. It was edited by Graham Webster.


Archived copy:


Central Committee, State Council issue ‘Plan for the Overall Layout of Building a Digital China’

Feb. 27, 2023, 6:43 p.m. – Source: Xinhua News Agency

BEIJING, Feb. 27 (Xinhua) —  The Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council recently issued the “Plan for the Overall Layout of Building a Digital China” (hereafter, the “Plan”) and issued a notice requiring all regions and departments to integrate it with reality and earnestly carry it out.

The Plan points out that building a Digital China is an important engine for the advancement of Chinese-style modernization in the digital era and powerfully supports the construction of a new advantage in national competitiveness. Accelerating the building of a Digital China has important significance for, and deep influence on, the comprehensive construction of a modern socialist country and the comprehensive advancement of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation.

The Plan emphasizes: upholding Xi Jinping thought on socialism with Chinese characteristics for a new era, especially General Secretary Xi Jinping’s important thought on cyber superpowers, as a guide; deeply carrying out the spirit of the 20th Party Congress; adhering to the overall central work theme of “seeking progress amidst stability”; the integrated, accurate, and comprehensive implementation of the new development concept; accelerating the construction of a new development pattern; making efforts to promote high-quality development; planning for development and security; strengthening systematic concepts and a bottom-line mindset; strengthening the overall plan; following the strategic path of firming the foundation, empowering all aspects, strengthening capacity, and improving the environment; comprehensively raising the comprehensiveness, systematicity, and coordination of Digital China construction; promoting the deep integration of the digital economy and the real economy; driving the reform of productive life and governance methods; and giving great impetus to the comprehensive advancement of the great rejuvenation of the Chinese nation through Chinese-style modernization.

The Plan proposes that, by 2025, the fundamental parts of a strongly coordinated integrated system that is horizontally and vertically linked should take shape, and the building of a Digital China should see major progress. Digital infrastructure should be efficient and interlinked; the scale and quality of digital resources should see accelerated growth; the value of data factors should be effectively released; the quality and benefits of the digital economy should increase substantially; the level of government digitization and intelligentization should see a distinct increase; the building of a digital culture should leap ahead to a new stage; remarkable achievements should be made in the increased precision, popularization, and streamlining of a digital society; positive progress should be made in the building of a digital ecological civilization; breakthrough innovations should be made in digital technology; [China] should lead the world in application innovation; digital security safeguard capabilities should comprehensively rise; digital governance systems should grow more comprehensive; and international cooperation in the digital fields should open up new prospects. By 2035, China’s level of digital development should rank among that of the world’s leading nations, and the building of a Digital China should have brought about great achievements. The systematic design for the building of a Digital China should become more scientific and complete; the digitalization of the economy, politics, culture, society, and ecological civilization should be more coordinated and more robust; this should amply support comprehensively building a modern socialist nation.

The Plan clarifies that the construction of Digital China will be laid out in accordance with the overall framework of "2522," that is: to use the "two foundations" of digital infrastructure and data resource systems; to promote the deep fusion of the “five integrations” of digital technology with the economy, politics, culture, society, and ecological civilization; to strengthen the "two capacities" of the digital technology innovation system and digital security shield; and to optimize the "two environments" of domestic and international digital development.

The Plan points out that it is necessary to firm up the foundation for the construction of Digital China. First, open up the main arteries of digital infrastructure. Accelerate the coordinated construction of 5G networks and gigabit optical networks, further promote the large-scale deployment and application of IPv6, promote the comprehensive development of the mobile Internet of Things, and vigorously promote the application of Beidou at scale. Systematically optimize the layout of computing power infrastructure; promote the efficiency, complementarity, and coordination of computing power between the east and the west [of China]; and guide the rational and phased layout of general-use data centers, supercomputing centers, intelligent computing centers, edge data centers, etc. Improve the overall level of application infrastructure, and strengthen the digitization and intelligent transformation of traditional infrastructure. Second, unblock the circulation of data resources. Build a national data management system and mechanism, and improve overall data management agencies at all levels. Promote the aggregation and utilization of public data, and build national data resource banks in important fields such as public health, science and technology, and education. Unleash the value potential of commercial data, accelerate the establishment of a data property rights system, carry out data asset valuation research, and establish a distribution mechanism for data elements based on value contribution.

The Plan points out that it is necessary to comprehensively empower economic and social development. First, strengthen, improve, and grow the digital economy. Cultivate and expand the core industries of the digital economy; research and formulate measures to promote the high-quality development of digital industries; forge internationally competitive digital industrial clusters. Promote the integration of the digital economy with the real economy, and accelerate digital technology innovation and application in such key sectors as agriculture, industry, finance, education, healthcare, transportation, and energy. Support the expansion of digital enterprises; strengthen the mechanisms for the circulation of innovation among large, medium, and small enterprises; give play to the utility of "green light" investment case guidance; and promote the regulated and healthy development of platform enterprises. Second, develop efficient and coordinated digital government. Accelerate system and regulatory innovation, and improve regulations and systems to be compatible with digital government. Strengthen the building of digital capacity; and advance interconnection and flows in information networks, data sharing according to necessity, and high-efficiency and coordinated services. Raise the level of digital services; accelerate and promote "handling matters in a single process"; promote online-offline integration; and accelerate and standardize management procedures for government mobile internet applications. Third, forge a self-confident and flourishing digital culture. Vigorously develop cyber culture, strengthen the supply of top-quality cyber culture products, and guide all kinds of platforms as well as netizens at large to create and produce positive, healthy, upright, and beneficial cyber cultural products. Promote the digital development of culture, deepen the implementation of national culture digitization strategy, build a national big data cultural system, and form a data bank of Chinese culture. Raise capacity for digital cultural services; create a number of comprehensive digital culture exhibition platforms; and accelerate the development of novel cultural enterprises, industrial models, and consumption models. Fourth, build an inclusive and convenient digital society. Promote the popularization of digital public services; vigorously implement national education digitization strategy activities; perfect national intelligent education platforms; develop digital health; and standardize the development of internet diagnosis and internet hospitals. Advance the precision of digital social governance; deeply implement digital rural development activities; and use digitization to empower rural industrial development, construction, and governance. Popularize the intelligentization of digital life; create smart and convenient social circles and novel digital consumption models; and look ahead to the intelligent and immersive service experiences of the future. Fifth, build a green and smart digital ecological civilization. Promote smart ecosystem governance; accelerate the construction of smart and high-efficiency ecological information systems; use digital technology to promote the unified protection and systematic governance of mountains, water, forests, fields, lakes, grasslands, and deserts; improve the three-dimensional "single map" for natural resources and a basic information platform for the national land space; and build a smart water system with the digital twin watersheds at its core. Accelerate coordinated digital green transformation. Advocate a green and smart lifestyle.

The Plan points out that it is necessary to strengthen the key capabilities of Digital China. First, build a self-reliant and self-strengthening digital technology innovation system. Improve the new whole-of-nation system for tackling key core technologies under the conditions of a socialist market economy, and strengthen the in-depth integration of industry, education, and research led by enterprises. Strengthen the leading role of enterprises in scientific and technological innovation, and give full play to the leading and supporting role of technology-based backbone enterprises. Strengthen the protection of intellectual property rights and improve the distribution mechanism for the proceeds from the conversion of intellectual property rights. Second, build a firm, reliable, and controllable digital security shield. Effectively maintain cybersecurity and improve the system of cybersecurity law, regulation, and policy. Strengthen data security safeguard capabilities; establish a basic system for categorized and graded data protection; and improve the network data monitoring, early warning, and emergency response work system.  

The Plan points out that the environment for digital development should be optimized. First, build a fair and standardized digital governance ecosystem. Improve and perfect legal and regulatory systems, strengthen the overall coordination of legislation, study and formulate laws and regulations in the digital field, and adjust legal systems that are not adapted to digital development in a timely fashion. Build a system of technical standards; set out guidelines for digital standards work; accelerate the formulation and revision of standards for each industry’s digital transformation and the integrated development industries, etc. Improve the quality of governance; strengthen the integrated internet governance system; improve the governance capacity in all aspects and all dimensions; and construct a scientific, efficient, and orderly network management and governance system. Purify cyberspace, carry out in-depth governance of the internet ecosystem, promote the “clean and bright” and “clean network” series of special actions, and innovate in and promote the construction of internet civilization. Second, build an open and mutually beneficial international cooperation structure for the digital domain. Comprehensively plan international cooperation for the digital domain; establish an international exchange and cooperation system for the digital domain, with multiple layers of coordination, multi-platform support, and multi-party participation; jointly establish the “Digital Silk Road” with high quality; and actively develop “Silk Road e-commerce.” Expand the space for international cooperation in the digital sphere; actively participate in digital domain cooperation platforms under multilateral frameworks such as the United Nations, the World Trade Organization, the Group of 20, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, the BRICS countries, the Shanghai Cooperation Organisation; build new high-quality digital cooperation platforms; and actively participate in the construction of rules and regulations concerning cross-border data flows, etc.

The Plan emphasizes that the overall scheme and the promotion of the comprehensive plan must be strengthened, and each assignment must be made practical. First, strengthen organizational leadership. Uphold and strengthen the overall leadership of the Party in the building of a Digital China; under the unified and centralized leadership of the Party Central Committee, the Central Commission for Cybersecurity and Informatization is to strengthen overall coordination, comprehensive promotion, and supervision and implementation of building a Digital China. Fully give play to the utility of regional Party Committee cybersecurity and informatization commissions; strengthen official business coordinating mechanisms; put digitized development in an important position in each region's work; and pragmatically assign responsibilities. Each relevant department is to divide work according to its duties, perfect policy measures, strengthen resource integration and coordination of strengths, and establish joint work. Second, strengthen systems and mechanisms. Establish and perfect an overall coordination mechanism for Digital China construction; urgently research and decide on the major problems for digital development; promote cross-department coordination and joint action across levels; and do a good job supervising and implementing major responsibilities and major projects. Launch Digital China development monitoring and assessment. Make Digital China construction work circumstances a metric for evaluation of relevant Party and government leaders. Third, ensure capital investment. Innovate in funding support models, and strengthen overall guidance of all types of funding. Give full play to the role of the national industry-finance cooperation platform, etc., and guide financial resources to support digital development. Encourage and guide capital to participate in building a Digital China in a standardized manner, and build an investment and financing system in which social capital can effectively participate. Fourth, strengthen support for talent. Enhance leading cadres' and government employees' digital consciousness, digital understanding, and digital abilities. Comprehensively lay out a set of disciplinary specialties in the digital domain; cultivate innovative, applied, and hybrid talent. Build an all-people and rural-integrated educational system for digital attainment and skills development. Fifth, build a good atmosphere. Promote higher education and research institutes, etc, to collectively participate in building a Digital China; establish a set of Digital China research bases. Coordinate the launch of comprehensive pilot projects for Digital China construction; comprehensively integrate the promotion of reform and experimentation. Organize major events such as the Building Digital China Summit, conduct high-end domestic and international competition series in digital fields to promote the deep impression of digital ideas on people's minds; and create a good atmosphere for all of society to collectively pay attention to and actively participate in building a Digital China.

Chinese-language original

中共中央 国务院印发《数字中国建设整体布局规划》

2023-02-27 18:43 来源: 新华社

新华社北京2月27日电 近日,中共中央、国务院印发了《数字中国建设整体布局规划》(以下简称《规划》),并发出通知,要求各地区各部门结合实际认真贯彻落实。